Exploring the Trees in my Neighborhood

Hello everyone! Join me in exploring the trees in my neighborhood with my little neighbor and my new puppy Toni!. Today (May 14th, 2022) was HOT. There aren’t that many houses in my neighborhood therefore there are a lot of trees, so we had to stop multiple times to explore different trees. After finding 8 trees I wanted to explore more and ended up finding more information than I thought I would! 8 might seem like a lot, but I promise you’ll end up wanting to learn about WAY more than 8 trees:).

Understanding my own Tree Blindness

I have to admit though I am rather tree blind when it comes to knowing about trees, not to mention I am also plant blind in general, but right now the focus is trees. In an article published by Gabriel Popkins he assured me that my tree blindness can be cured (maybe not right now, but eventually)! Generally, waisting food really does bother me, and Gabriel Popkins let me know in his article titled  “Cure Yourself of Tree Blindness”  that trees have a lot to offer in terms of food! (. Let’s just say, I have been wasting quite a lot of food! But never fear it is never too late to learn. My goal for myself is to start eating the pears from my tree in my backyard.


Norway Maple

(Acer platanoides)

Deep purple leaves of the norway maple

Notice the deep purple leaves of the Norway maple.

 

Typically when we think of trees we think of green leaves (at least those of us that identify as partially or completely tree blind). I however bet some of you have seen a Norway Maple (Acer plantanoides) with beautiful purple leaves in the summertime. The Norway Maple has simple, opposite smooth lobed leaves. They have few teeth, broad bases, and the leaves tend to generally be wider than they are long.   You can usually tell a Norway maple apart from other maples because it tends to leaf out earlier in the spring and according to Peterson’s Field Guide, Norway Maples have a unique milky fluid that oozes from freshly broken leaf petioles.This maple was found in my backyard close to the main road and according to Norcross Wildlife, this type of maple can stand and adapt well to different soil extremes (https://www.norcrosswildlife.org/wildlife-sanctuary/flora-fauna/invasive-plants/norway-maple/). Norway maples tend to grow along roadsides so the location matches up perfectly. Norway maples are considered invasive species because they are encroaching on natural forests and due to their dense shade they are preventing other maples from growing. What poor babies!

The Norway maple with oppositely arranged leaves.

Aside from the Norway Maple being an invasive species they are still pretty cool and the amount of shade they can produce can be beneficial. Interestingly enough they are grown most commonly in towns and cities because of this! Next time you go on a walk keep your eye out for a maple. (https://www.woodlandtrust.org.uk/trees-woods-and-wildlife/british-trees/a-z-of-british-trees/norway-maple/).

 


American Sycamore

(Plantanus occidentalis)

The great American Sycamore!  The sycamore in my opinion is a beautiful tree that has alternate, simple and palmately veined leaves. When reading about the Sycamore in Peterson’s field guide he mentions their size. They. Are. Huge. They also have distinctive mottled brown bark that flakes like jigsaw pieces. My neighbor has a sycamore and this is very true you can pick up pieces of the bark and you’ll have more luck fitting two pieces together than you would with a 1,000 piece puzzle. In terms of the leaves they have very large teeth usually 3-5 lobed.

Here we can see the palmately arranged veins.

Sycamores grow extremely well in wet areas and when it rains my neighbors yard is always drenched so it’s location makes perfect sense.

When reading about the Sycamore in Peterson’s field guide a fun fact that I found fascinating was mentioned. Did you know that a canoe made out of a sycamore tree by Indians was 65 feet long and weighed 9000 pounds?! That’s CRAZY!


White Ash

(Fraxinus americana)

The white ash has opposite, pinnately compound leaves that are oval in shape. When reading about the white ash in Peterson’s field guide he mentions that the white ash is easily recognized by it’s twigs that are in either a V or U shape. Leaflets are 5-9 stocked, usually white or pale beneath.  White ash trees are also identified by their dark and tight trunk bark.  Peterson also mentions that in doubtful cases of identification, white ashes can also be identified by their fruit.  When observing the white ash, I noticed its dominant trunk and pyramidal shape.

Observe the oval-shaped leaves of the white ash.

Notice the dark and tight tree bark.

The specific white ash that I identified was located in my next door neighbors yard.  The area was receiving quite a bit of sun but is also shaded during some parts of the day. Overall, it is in a well drained area surrounded by some other trees and plants. Unfortunately, some white ashes are falling victim to the Emerald Ash Borers in our area. This is taking a considerable toll on the white ash population in our area.

Are you a music person?! I am! I was surprised to learn that the wood of white ash trees is often used to make musical instruments! (Source: Peterson’s Field guide)


Pin Oak

(Quercus palustris)

The Pin Oak, also known as the Quercus palustris, can be found in multiple locations across the United States. As discussed in Peterson’s Field Guide, the Pin Oak features lobed leaves that are alternate, simple, and glossy. The lower branched of a Pin Oak are pointed downward which I was able to notice when inspecting this tree. The fruit that this tree produces is known to attract squirrels and also contributes to a litter problem when the tree drops the fruit. (https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/ST555)

Here we can see the glossy look of the pin oak leaves.

When looking for a pin oak in my vicinity, I did not have to search far! I also found this spectacular tree in my next door neighbors yard. This surroundings mimic that of a typical suburban yard, and was found on level ground next to its good friend, the white ash tree.

While looking in to this variety of tree, I was excited to learn that a few varieties of caterpillar enjoy feasting on the Pin Oak foliage. Ever heard of the very hungry caterpillar? This tree would be his favorite restaurant! (https://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/trees/plants/pin_oak.html)

 


Yulan Magnolia

(Magnolia denudata)

The tropical appearance of the Yulan Magnolia, scientifically known as the Magnokia denudata allows for relatively easy identification.  The large leaves, featuring smooth edges, are a rich leather texture and oval shaped.  These luscious leaves are arranged in a simple and alternate pattern.  Most notably, these trees are often cultivated for their large leaves and showy white flowers.  The flowers are cup shaped and can sometimes even resemble birds! This trait makes the Yulan Magnolia a fan favorite.  As this variety is a single trunked, multi-stemmed tree, created a dramatic scene in any garden.

The leather texture of the Yulan magnolia can be noted here.

The Yulan Magnolia that I found in my neighborhood was located  right on the corner of my street.  I noticed that it did sprout from the base, just as Peterson’s Field Guide described. These trees thrive in hot weather and sun, so they must be very happy this week! Oftentimes, Yulan Magnolia’s can be found in thickets.

Another appeal of this amazing plant, is the fresh lemon scent that they emit. It is said, that the blossoms are a gift worthy of an ancient Chinese ruler.  Most people don’t know that it is not bees who are responsible for pollinating this flowering tree, it is actually beetles! (https://www.gardenia.net/plant/magnolia-denudata-yulan-magnolia)


Black Locust

(Robinia pseudoacacia)

The Black Locust, or Robinia Psuedoacacia, is a medium sized tree with once compound leaves. These leaves are opposite in arrangement and egg shaped. This tree has the defining feature of 1/2″ to 1″ thorns lining the branches. When flowering, the tree features medium size, white fragrant clusters.  The Black Locust has moderately stout twigs and produces white hairy buds and it’s bark can become dark, deeply ridged and cross hatched on more mature trees.

Notice the egg shape of the leaves on the black locust.

The habitat a Black Locust tree is typically found in well drained areas. The specific tree that I identified, was located right next to a small stream which aligns with the idea that they enjoy soil with ample drainage.

In his field guide, Peterson mentions that this tree is an excellent choice for construction projects.  The Black Locust is often planted to act as fence posts in new developments.  It is also notable that the young shoots and bard of the Black Locust is often poisonous to livestock. Keep your cows away!

 


Shagbark Hickory

(Carya ovata)

The tall and noble tree known as the Shagbark Hickory has 5-7 hairless, odd, pinnately compound, alternate leaflets.  Scientifically known as the Carya ovata, this tree features very shaggy light colored bark that forms long loose strips. This distinctive bark, lends greatly when it comes to identification. The nuts on the shagbark hickory are not rigid and are shockingly edible! Yum!

Here we can see the pinnately compound leaves. 

This tree is usually found in eastern and midwestern parts of the United States and can tolerate a wide range of temperatures and conditions.  They do, however,  grow their very best in moist soils and humid climate. I would imagine that the Shagbark Hickory that I located right down the street from my house.  It was surrounded by a diverse range of other trees including pines, oaks and maples. This is very characteristic of this variety as noted in Peterson’s Field Guide. This tree is excellent when it comes to producing shade and an interesting visual appeal.

The seventh president of the United States, Andrew Jackson, was often referred to as “Old Hickory” which references that tough nature of this particular species of tree. (https://www.nwf.org/Educational-Resources/Wildlife-Guide/Plants-and-Fungi/Shagbark-Hickory)


Callery Pear

(Pyrus calleryana)

Pee-ew!! Ever walked by a white flowering tree and thought there was a skunk in the area? You might have encountered a Callery Pear.  Aside from their distinctive fragrance,  the tree is known for its decorative qualities. The leaves on a Pyrus Calleryana are simple, alternate, shiny, slightly toothed and heart shape. Perhaps, the shape of the leaves is trying to make up for the smell!! The rough textured bark of this plant is most commonly green or brown.

Admire the heart shape of the Callery pear leaves.

The Callery Pear tree that I spotted is located right outside my bedroom (good thing I can’t smell through the window!).  A few years ago, during a thunderstorm, this tree split entirely in half when it was struck by a bolt of lightning, but since then it has made an amazing recovery! These trees are often found in a sunny  or partially shaded habitat.

I was shocked to learn that the wood from these trees is hard and close grained making it perfect for making woodwind instruments and furniture! (https://naturewalk.yale.edu/trees/rosaceae/pyrus-calleryana/callery-pear-tree-33)